ASSYRIA


ASSYRIA
I.
ASSYRIA
Arbor, quae et Medica, et Περσικὴ μηλέα, eadem cum Cittea plerisque Veterum. Sed Virgilius in illa describenda, ingentem arborem eam nobis tradit, quod Aurantiae potius, quam citro, convenit. Nam citrum non alte attollitur,
Ipsa ingens arbor faciemque simillima lauro
ad quem locum l. 2. Georg. v. 131. Servius, Sane etiam baec probant, citrum non esse. Nam citri arbor multum von votest crescere. Dicta autem Assyria est, quod primitus in sola Assyria proveniret: Postea vero per universam Asiam et Europam, semine inde allatô, crebrescere coepit. vide de illa Samas. ad Solin. p. 949. ut et infra ubi de Aurantiis et Citreis malis.
II.
ASSYRIA
regio maioris Asiae, quam Ptol. ab ortu Mediae parte terminat, ab occasu Mesopotamiâ, a Septentrione parte minoris Armeniae, iuxta Niphatem montem, a Meridie Susianâ. Plin. l. 5. c. 12. ait, eam Syriae partem asie, quae postea vocata est Adiabene. Strabo autem loge latiores Assyriae fines assignat, eô nomine comprehendens Babyloniam, et maximam circumiacentium regionum partem. Vide Bochart. Geogr. Sacr. l. 4. c. 19. Tibullus, l. 3. El.
2. v. 24.
Eoique Arabes, dives et Assyria.
Absurdum autem videri possit, quod Assyrios iuxta Thermodontem fluv. statuar Dionysius. Sic enim ille.
Τοὺς δὲ μετ᾿ Α᾿ςςυρίης πρόχυσις χθονὸς εντετάνυςται.
Sed cum Aslyrii imperium suum longe latepue propagârint, hinc effectum, ut gentes plurimae Assyrio imperio olim subditae Α᾿ςςύριοι, et per aphaeresin Συριοι et Σύροι, Graecis dictae fuerint. Ita Herodotus et eum secutus Trogus Pompeius l. 1. c. 2. Assyrii, qui postea Syri dicti. Sic cum Syria, seu Assyria late sumpta, Cappadociam comprehendat, et Graeci Syros vocent, quos Persae Cappadoces, Herodotô teste, (Καππαδόκαι (inquit) οὓς ἡμεῖς Συρίους καλέομεν, atque alibi, Οἱ Σύροι ὑπὸ Περσῶν καλοῦνται Καππαδόκαι) Dionysius generale Aslyriae nomen peculiariter usurpat pro Cappadociae parte, iuxta Irim, et Thermodontem fluvios, quae aliis stricte Leucosyria dicitur. Quin et Val. Flac. l. 5. v. 109. in Astyria Sinopen constituit in hia:
Assyrios complexa sinus stat opima Sinope;
Nympha prius, blandosque Fivis quae luserat ignes
Caelicolis immota procis. ----
Apollonius etiam Cappadociam Α᾿ςςυρίαν vocat, l. 3. Argon. Hesychius, Α᾿ςςυρίων, Χαλδαίων. Occupata a Traiano est. A. C. 113. Sed relicta ab Adriano A. C. 120. dicente, se imitari Catonem, qui Macedonas liberos pronuntiavit, quia teneri non poterant. Spartian. in vita eius. Dion. l. 69. Hodie partim sub Persis, partim sub Turcis est. Praecipuae eius urbes, Mosul, olim Ninive: Ctesiphon, olim regia Parthorum sedes et Arbella clade Darii nobilis. Primae Monarchiae sedes, quae sub Nimrodo seu Belo, incepit A. M. 1879. Babylone, et ab Aslure, seu Nino, fil. huius Beli. Assyria dicta est. Cuius ultimus Monarcha Sardanapalus fuit. Duravit an. 1300. Vide Iustin. l. 1. Mercat. l. 1. et 3. Euseb. et Genebr. Chronol. Cluver. l. 5. etc. Baudrando Assyria, nunc Arzerum, fere tota trans Tigrim fluv. sub Turcis. Alias ampla, nunc arctior. Eius pars olim fuit Adiabene provinc. urbesque ibi cellebres sunt, Mosul, alias Ninive, et Schiaraxur, versus Persiam. Coeterum cum neque in Historia Sacra, neque in Aegyptiorum monumentis reperiatur ulla assyriorum memoria, antequam desiislet in Asia Aegyptiorum im perium; primusque in Cis-Euphratensibus regionibus inclaruerit Phul Rex Assyriorum, 2. Reg. c. 15. v. 19. post quem memorantur Teglat-Phul-Asar, Ibid. v. 19. Salmanasar, 2. Reg. c. 17. v. 6. etc. longissimam illam Assyriorum Regum seriem, ab uno Cresia excogitatam primumque editam, ab Eusebio vero et Syncello conservatam et ad nostra usque tempora propagatam, non sine ratione suspectam iudicat insignis Chronologus Marshamus Eques Angl. quem vide Canone Chron. Sec. XVII. de memoratis vero Regibus, eorumque succesloribus, hîc passim.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Assyria — • Includes geographical and historical information Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Assyria     Assyria     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Assyria — Middle English, from L. Assyria, from Gk. Assyria, short for Assyria ge the Assyrian land, from fem. of Assyrios pertaining to Assyria, from Akkad. Ashshur, name of the chief city of the kingdom and also of a god, probably from Assyrian sar… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Assyria TV — (Assyrie TV), anciennement connu sous le nom The Hujada TV project ou Hujåda TV project[1], est une chaîne de télévision assyrienne ayant pour vocation la diffusion de programmes via web TV. Les studios d Assyria TV sont basés à Stockholm, en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Assyria — [ə sir′ē ə] ancient empire in SW Asia in the region of the upper Tigris River: at its height (7th cent. B.C. ), it extended from the head of the Persian Gulf to Egypt and Asia Minor: original cap. Ashur; later cap. Nineveh …   English World dictionary

  • ASSYRIA —    The heartland of Assyria lies in the northern area of presentday Iraq, alongside the river Tigris, from the Anatolian foothills to the range of the Jebel Hamrin. Other important waterways to the east are the Upper and the Lower Zab, which run… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Assyria — One of the great empires of the ancient world, occupying a fertile area east of the River Tigris, corresponding to modern northern Iraq. In the city of Nineveh pottery which has been discovered is proof of habitation in the period 5000–3000 BCE,… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Assyria —    A region of ancient Mesopotamia that became the heartland of a series of Assyrian empires. Assyria was located in the region now occupied by northern Iraq, near the Tigris River. It stretched northward toward the foothills of the mountains of… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Assyria — /euh sear ee euh/, n. an ancient empire in SW Asia: greatest extent from ab. 750 to 612 B.C. Cap.: Nineveh. * * * Ancient empire, southwestern Asia. It grew from a small region around Ashur (in northern Iraq) to encompass an area stretching from… …   Universalium

  • Assyria —    The name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. It was a mountainous region lying to the north of Babylonia,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Assyria —    Akingdom situated in northern Iraq that was renowned for its warring capabilities. Assyria benefited from the destruction of Mitanni and the Hittite Empire and expanded southward to conquer Mesopotamia and westward to Syria and Palestine,… …   Ancient Egypt


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.